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What Is A Medical Laboratory

A medical laboratory is a place where the tests for the clinical specimen will be done in order to get the information needed for the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of a disease on a patient. You should know that clinical laboratories are concentrating on the production like basis in applied science not like the research laboratories that are focusing on the academic basis in basic science.

There are two departments when it comes to laboratory medicine and each department will be subdivided into different units. You can read more about the two departments below.

Anatomic pathology – electron microscopy, histopathology, and cytopathology are the units included in this department. Academically, each of the units can be studied alone in a single course. Physiology, pathology, pathophysiology, and histology are the other courses that you can get from this department.

Clinical pathology which includes the following courses:

Clinical microbiology – this surrounds five various sciences. Mycology, immunology, bacteriology, parasitology, and virology are the units included here!
Clinical chemistry – the units that are under this section are toxicology, endocrinology, enzymology, and the instrumental analysis of blood components.
Hermatology – the manual and automated analysis of the blood cells are the units that are under this section. The blood bank and the coagulation are the two subunits in this section.
Cytogenetics is a subspecialty that is studied alongside genetics.
Reproductive biology – you can find the assisted reproductive technology, semen analysis, and sperm bank in this section.
You should know that it would vary from different places when it comes to the distribution of clinical laboratories in different health centers. For example, some facilities may have one laboratory intended for microbiology while some health institutions might have different labs for each unit without a single lab for microbiology.

You can find a detailed analysis on the responsibilities of the laboratory equipment for urinalysis and hermatology in this website.

You should take note of the clinical specimen that can be received by microbiology like the possible infected tissues, urine, synovial fluid, sputum, blood, cerebrospinal fluid, feces, and swabs. The main work here is focused on cultures, looking for possible pathogens that if found, will be identified further based on biochemical tests. A sensitivity test will also be done in order to know if the pathogen is resistant or sensitive to a prescribed medicine, simply check this company. The results will be reported with the determined organism or organisms, and the type and number of drugs that will be given to the patient.

Different types of medical laboratories
In a lot of countries, most of the medical specimens will be processed in two main medical laboratories. Hospitals have hospital laboratories where the tests for the patients will be done. The private laboratories will be analyzing the samples from the different health clinics, clinical research sites, insurance companies, and general practitioners. Read more here about medical laboratories in different websites in the internet.